Meloidogyne paranaensis n. sp. (Nemata: Meloidogynidae), a Root-Knot Nematode Parasitizing Coffee in Brazil
AbstractA root-knot nematode parasitizing coffee in Paran¿ State, Brazil, is described as Meloidogyne paranaensis n. sp. The suggested common name is Paran¿ coffee root-knot nematode. The perineal pattern is similar to that of M. incognita; the labial disc and medial lips of the female are fused and asymmetric and rectangular; the lateral lips are small, triangular, and fused laterally with the head region. The female stylet is 15.0-17.5 [mu]m long, with broad, distinctly set-off knobs; the distance from the dorsal esophageal gland orifice (DGO) to the stylet base is 4.2-5.5 [mu]m. Males have a high, round head cap continuous with the body contour. The labial disc is fused with the medial lips to form an elongate lip structure. The head region is frequently marked by an incomplete annulation. The stylet is robust, 20-27 [mu]m long, usually with round to transversely elongate knobs, sometimes with one or two projections protruding from the shaft. The stylet length of second-stage juveniles is 13-14 [mu]m, the distance of the DGO to the stylet base is 4.0-4.5 [mu]m, and the tail length is 48-51 [mu]m. Biochemically, the esterase (F[sub1]) and malate dehydrogenase (N[sub1]) phenotypes are the most useful characters to differentiate M. paranaensis from other species. However, the esterase phenotype appears similar to that of M. konaensis. Reproduction is by mitotic parthenogenesis, 3n = 50-52. In differential host tests, tobacco, watermelon, and tomato were good hosts, whereas cotton, pepper, and peanut were nonhosts. Key words: Brazil, Coffea arabica, coffee, host range, Meloidogyne paranaensis n. sp., morphology, nematode, new species, root-knot nematode, scanning electron microscope, taxonomy.
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