Additive Effects of Meloidogyne arenaria and Sclerotinin rolfsii on Peanut
AbstractField observations have suggested that infection of peanut by Meloidogyne arenaria increases the incidence of southern blight caused by Sclerotium rolfsii. Three factorial experiments in microplots were conducted to determine if interactions between M. arenaria and S. rolfsii influenced final nematode population densities, incidence of southern blight, or pod yield. Treatments included four or five initial population densities of M. arenaria and three inoculum rates of S. rolfsii. Final nematode population densities were affected by initial nematode densities in all experiments (P = 0.01) and by S. rolfsii in one of three experiments (P = 0.01). Incidence of southern blight increased with increasing inoculum rates of S. rolfsii in all experiments and by the presence of the nematodes in one experiment (P = 0.01). Pod yield decreased with inoculation with S. rolfsii in all experiments (P = 0.05) and by M. arenaria in two of three experiments (P = 0.05). In no experiment was the interaction among treatments significant with respect to final nematode population densities, incidence of southern blight, or pod yield (P = 0.05). The apparent disease complex between M. arenaria and S. rolfsii on peanut is due to additive effects of the two pathogens. Key words: Arachis hypogaea, disease complex, interaction, Meloidogyne arenaria, peanut, root-knot nematode, Sclerotium rolfsii, southern blight.
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