Development of Heterodera glycines as Affected by Fusarium solani, the Causal Agent of Sudden Death Syndrome of Soybean
AbstractThe effects of the blue form of Fusarium solani, the causal agent of sudden death syndrome (SDS), on Heterodera glycines were examined in the greenhouse. Roots of soybean cv. Coker 156 were inoculated with either H. glycines alone or F. solani + H. glycines in combination. Population levels of H. glycines were reduced 47% in the presence of F. solani. Life-stage development of H. glycines increased 3% in 30 days in the presence of F. solani. Fusarium solani colonized epidermal and cortical cells adjacent to developing juveniles of H. glycines and the nematode-induced syncytia within the soybean root tissue. At 40 days after inoculation, F. solani was isolated from 37% of the cysts in soil recovered from the F. solani + H. glycines combination treatment. Fusarium solani significantly affected H. glycines population density, life-stage development, and succeeding populations. Key words: Fusarium solani, Heterodera glycines, histology, interaction, nematode, soybean, soybean cyst nematode, sudden death syndrome.
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