Reproduction of Heterodera zeae and Its Suppression of Corn Plant Growth as Affected by Temperature
AbstractReproduction of the corn cyst nematode (Heterodera zeae) and its effect on growth of corn (Zea mays) was studied in plant growth chambers at 24, 27, 30, 33, and 36 C. Reproduction of H. zeae increased directly with increase in temperature from 24 to 36 C. Fifteen-cm-d pots of corn seedlings inoculated with a mixture of 5,000 eggs + J2 and maintained for 8 weeks in growth chambers contained an average of 7,042 cysts + females at 36 C, but only 350 cysts + females at 24 C. Fresh weights of plants without nematodes were highest at 27 C and lowest at 36 C. Nematodes suppressed plant fresh weight by an average of 30% at 27 C and by 27% at 33 C but did not suppress plant weight at 36 C. Heterodera zeae has the highest reported temperature optimum for reproduction of any cyst nematode. Key words: Corn cyst nematode, growth suppression, Heterodera zeae, nematode, reproduction, temperature, Zea mays.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).