Field Evaluation of Susceptibility to Meloidogyne arenaria in Arachis hypogaea Plant Introductions
AbstractResistance to Meloidogyne arenaria race 1 is not currently available in commercial peanut cultivars. Moderate levels of resistance have been identified in Arachis hypogaea plant introductions (PI) in previous greenhouse studies. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effects of resistance in peanut PI on populations dynamics of M. arenaria in field plots. The PI designated as resistant in greenhouse studies had fewer M. arenaria in roots than the most susceptible PI. At midseason and at the end of the season, resistant PI had fewer M. arenaria in rhizosphere soil than the most susceptible PI. Seven resistant PI had lower numbers of M. arenaria than 'Florunner' at the end of the growing season. Gall index, egg mass index, number of eggs/plant, and number of eggs/g root from greenhouse screening were highly correlated with population levels of M. arenaria in the field, especially at midseason. These greenhouse indices should provide reliable estimates of host suitability in future studies. Key words: Arachis hypogaea, Meloidogyne arenaria, nematode, peanut, resistance, root-knot nematode.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).