Variability among Populations of Meloidogyne arenaria
AbstractVariability in reproduction and pathogenicity of 12 populations of Meloidogyne arenaria race 1 was evaluated on Florunner peanut, Centennial soybean, Rutgers tomato, G70, K326, and Mc944 tobacco, and Carolina Cayenne, Mississippi Nemaheart, and Santanka pepper. Differences among M. arenaria populations in rates of egg production 45 days after inoculation were observed for all cultivars except Santanka pepper. Differences among populations in dry top weights or fresh root weights were recorded on all cultivars. Numbers of nematode eggs produced on Florunner peanut varied from 3,419 to 11,593/g fresh root weight. On resistant tobacco cultivars (G70 and K326), one nematode population produced high numbers of eggs (12,042 and 6,499/g fresh root weight on G70 and K326, respectively), whereas the other populations produced low numbers of eggs (less than 500 eggs/g fresh root weight on both cultivars). Two variant M. arenaria race 1 populations were identified by factor analysis of reproductive rates on all nine cultivars. Differences m reproduction and pathogenicity observed among populations would affect the design of sustainable management systems for M. arenaria. Key words: Arachis hypogaea, Capsicum frutescens, Glycine max, host suitability, Lycopersicon esculentum, Meloidogyne arenaria, nematode, Nicotiana tabacum, pathogenicity, peanut, pepper, reproduction, soybean, tomato, tobacco.
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