Resistance to Meloidogyne spp. in Allohexaploid Wheat Derived from Triticum turgidum and Aegilops squarrosa
AbstractExpression of resistance to Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica from Aegilops squarrosa was studied in a synthetic allohexaploid produced from Triticum turgidum var. durum cv. Produra and Ae. squarrosa G 3489. The reproductive rate of different races of M. incognita and M. javanica, expressed in eggs per gram of fresh root, was low (P 0.05) on the synthetic allohexaploid and the resistant parent, Ae. squarrosa G 3489, compared with different bread and durum wheat cultivars. Reproduction of race 2 and race 3 of M. incognita and an isolate of M. javanica was studied on the synthetic allohexaploid and seven cultivars of T. aestivum: Anza, Coker 747, Coker 68-15, Delta Queen, Double Crop, McNair 1813, and Southern Bell. The latter six cultivars are grown in the southeastern United States and reportedly were resistant to M. incognita. Significant differences (P 0.05) were detected in nematode reproduction on the seven bread wheat cultivars. Reproduction of M. incognita race 3 and M. javanica was highest on Anza. Reproductive rates on the six southeastern United States bread wheat cultivars varied both within and among nematode isolates. The lowest reproductive rates of the three root-knot isolates were detected in the synthetic allohexaploid. Key words: Aegilops squarrosa, Meloidogyne incognita, M. javanica, resistance, root-knot nematode, Triticum aestivum, T. turgidum var. durum, wheat.
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