Effects of Fumigants and Systemic Pesticides on Pratylenchus penetrans and Potato Yield
AbstractReplicated trials were conducted near Alliston, Ontario, in 1983 and 1984 to evaluate the efficacy of five chemical treatments in controlling the root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus penetrans on potato, Solanum tuberosum cv. Russet Burbank. The fumigants Vorlex, at 55 liters product/ha, and Telone II B, at 75 liters product/ha, were more effective in suppressing high initial population densities of 18,320 and 50,880 P. penetrans/kg soil in 1983 and 1984, respectively, than single applications of the systemic pesticides Temik 10 G at 22 kg product/ha, Vydate L at 18 and 9 liters product/ha, and Furadan 10 G at 33 kg product/ha. The combination of Vorlex + Temik resulted in greatest nematode suppression and lowest populations at harvest. In 1983, marketable tuber yield ( 7 cm) in the Vorlex + Temik plots was 20.7 t/ha, compared to 4.7 t for the untreated check. Vorlex alone and Telone II B plots yielded 17.3 and 15.9 t/ha, respectively; Temik with 7.5 t also yielded better than the check. Vydate and Furadan did not influence yields significantly. Total yields differed from the check in all treatments except with Furadan. In 1984, marketable yields ranged from 15.5 t/ha for the Vorlex + Temik treatment to 11.2 for the untreated check, but the differences were not statistically significant. Total yields, however, were significantly increased by the fumigants. The difference in response to chemical treatment in the 2 years was attributed to greater heat stress and lack of supplementary irrigation in 1983. Key words: root lesion nematode, chemical control, Vorlex, Telone, aldicarb, oxamyl, carbofuran, cost, population dynamics, Solanum tuberosum, potato.
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