Comparison of Compatible and Incompatible Response of Potato to Meloidogyne incognita
AbstractOne susceptible (D6) and two resistant (E2 and N4) clones of Solanum sparsipilum × (S. phureja × haploid of S. tuberosum) were used to study the responses of potato roots and tubers to race 1 of Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood. The compatible response was characterized by rapid penetration of large numbers of second-stage juveniles (J2) into roots, cessation of root growth, and occasional curving of root tips. The life cycle of M. incognita in the susceptible clone was completed in 25 days at 23-28 C. The incompatible response was characterized by penetration of fewer J2 into roots, necrosis of feeding sites within 2-7 days, and lack of nematode development. There were no differences in response of tubers from resistant and susceptible clones to nematode infection. Small numbers of J2 were detected in tubers, but they did not develop. Key words: Meloidogyne incognita, Solanum sparsipilum, Solanum phureja, Solanum tuberosum, potato, root-knot, resistance, susceptibility, compatibility.
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