Influence of Planting Date on Population Dynamics and Damage Potential of Pratylenchus brachyurus on Soybean


  • S. R. Koenning
  • D. P. Schmitt
  • K. R. Barker


Planting date was used as a variable to determine the effects of time and different environmental conditions on the population dynamics and damage potential of Pratylenchus brachyurus on soybean at two locations in North Carolina. An initial population slightly less than the damage threshold (275 nematodes/500 cm³ soil) was used to minimize the influence of host damage on this nematode's population dynamics and to gain greater precision in characterizing factors which influence the damage potential of P. brachyurus to soybean. Equivalent nematode numbers generally resulted in greater yield suppression of soybean in early plantings. Early planting of soybean also resulted in greater (P = 0.01) population densities of P. brachyurus at midseason which often persisted until soybean harvest. Length of time for reproduction and intraspecific competition occurring when soybeans were stunted by the nematode were the most important factors influencing the population dynamics of P. brachyurus. Key words: Glycine max, lesion nematode, control, yield suppression, microplots, ecology.