Population Densities of Meloidogyne incognita and Yield of Capsicum annuum
AbstractTwo microplot experiments in 1981 and 1983 provided information on the effect of different population densities of Meloidogyne incognita race 1 and yield of sweet pepper. Microplots were square concrete pipes (30 × 30 cm and 50 cm long) filled with 40 liters of soil infested with 0, 0.062, 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, and 512 eggs and juveniles/cm³ soil. Tolerance limits of 2.2 and 0.165 eggs and juveniles/cm³ soil and minimum yields of 58% and 20% of the controls were obtained in 1981 and 1983, respectively. Maximum reproduction rates of the nematode were 274 and 1,498 at the lowest initial population density. The population of the nematode declined rapidly after harvest, and only 13% and 6.5% of eggs and juveniles were detected in the soil after 1 and 6 months, respectively. Key words: root-knot nematode, tolerance limit, population decline, sweet pepper.
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