Tolerance to Heterodera glycines in Soybean
AbstractFifty-four susceptible soybean, Glycine max, cultivars or plant introductions were evaluated for tolerance to H. glycines, the soybean cyst nematode (SCN). Seed yields of genotypes were compared in nematicide-treated (1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane, 58 kg a.i./ha) and nontreated plots at two SCN-infested locations over 3 years. Distinct and consistent levels of tolerance to SCN were observed among soybean genotypes. PI 97100, an introduction from Korea, exhibited the highest level of tolerance with an average tolerance index ([yield in nontreated plot ÷ yield in nematicide-treated plot] × 100) of 96 over 2 years. Coker 156 and Wright had moderate levels of tolerance (range in index values 68 to 95) compared to the intolerant cuhivars Bragg and Coker 237 (range in index values 33 to 68). Most of the soybean genotypes evaluated were intolerant to SCN. The rankings of five genotypes for tolerance to SCN and Hoplolaimus columbus were similar. Tolerance for seed yield was more consistently correlated with tolerance for plant height (r = 0.55 to 0.64) than for seed weight (r = 0.23 to 0.65) among genotypes. Key words: soybean cyst nematode, Glycine max, seed yield, Hoplolaimus columbus.
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