Observations on the Mode of Parasitism and Histopathology of Meloidodera floridensis and Verutus volvingentis (Heteroderidae)

  • E. Cohn
  • D. T. Kaplan
  • R. P. Esser


Some aspects of the host-parasite relationships of two heteroderid nematodes are described. Meloidodera floridensis induced formation of single uninucleate giant cells in the stelar parenchyma tissue of sand pine (Pinus clausa) roots. Wrinkling and yellowing of the cuticle were associated with maturation of the adult female (cystoid stage). The mode of parasitism of different life stages of Verutus volvingentis on buttonweed (Diodia virginiana) is described. The nematode caused extensive necrosis during penetration and the formation of a large feeding site consisting of nonhypertrophied parenchyma cells with enlarged nuclei and thickened cell walls in the cortex. Walls between cells within the feeding site degenerated, resulting in the formation of a syncytium. Two citrus rootstocks, rough lemon (Citrus lirnon) and trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), were not hosts of V. volvingentis. Key words: histopathology, pine cystoid nematode, buttonweed, syncytium, uninucleate giant cell.