Effect of Soil Texture on the Distribution and Infectivity of Neoaplectana glaseri (Nematoda: Steinernematidae)
AbstractThe vertical migration of infective juveniles of Neoaplectana glaseri applied to the soil surface or introduced 16 cm below the soil surface was studied in pure silica sand, coarse sandy loam, silty clay loam, and clay. The number of juveniles that migrated and infected wax moth pupae placed in the soil decreased as the proportion of clay and silt increased. The majority of nematodes moved downwards 2-6 cm from the surface, but some penetrated to a depth of 14 cm in pure silica sand and coarse sandy loam. In pure silica sand and coarse sandy loam, nematodes introduced 16 cm below the soil surface were able to infect wax moth pupae located at depths of 0-4 cm and 28-32 cm. Nematodes showed a greater tendency to disperse downwards from the point of application. Movement of the nematode was least in clay soil and limited in silty clay loam soil. The number of migrating nematodes was greatest when wax moth pupae were present. Key words: Neoaplectana glaseri, biological control, dispersal, attraction, nematode movement, entomogenous nematode.
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