Oogenesis and the Chromosomes of Twelve Bisexual Species of Heterodera (Nematoda: Heteroderidae)
AbstractTwelve bisexual species of Heterodera reproduced by amphimixis and had the same number of n=9 (2n=18) chromosomes in maturing oocytes. H. schachtii had slightly larger chromosomes than all other species. Only sperm nuclei with n=9 chromosomes were observed inside maturing oocytes and no specialized sex chromosomes were detected in any case. A "supernumerary" chromosome was observed occasionally in oocytes of H. schachtii and H. weissi and was transmitted regularly to one-half of the progeny of the nematodes that possessed it. Cytological characteristics were not very instructive in differentiating amphimictic tleterodera species. Such karyotypic uniformity indicates cytogenetic stability of the genus and close interrelationship among its members. Key Words: reproduction, supernumerary chromosomes, chromosome number, cyst nematodes.
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