Fine Structure of Cephalic Sense Organs in Meloidogyne incognita Males


  • J. G. Baldwin
  • H. Hirschmann


Amphids, and the cephalic and labial papillae of Mcloiclogyne incognita males were examined in detail by electron microscopy. Each amphid basically consists of an amphidial gland, a nerve bundle and an amphidial duct. The gland is a broad microvillous organ with a narrow anterior process, which is closely associated with the amphidial duct. A posterior process of the gland contains secretory organelles and proceeds along the esophagus with the lateral cephalic nerve bundle. The nerve bundle penetrates the broad portion of the gland and, subsequently, individual nerve processes (dendrites) separate from one another, thus forming the sensilla pouch which is enveloped by the gland. Anterior to the pouch, the dendrites converge as they enter and eventually terminate in the amphidial duct. The external opening of the duct is a broad slit which separates the cheek, the outermost part of the lateral lip, from the remainder of the lip region. M. incognita males have six inner labial papillae and four outer cephalic papillae which are each innervated by two and one cilia, respectively. In labial papillae, the cilia appear to terminate at the base of a pore opening, whereas in cephalic papillae each cilium terminates beneath the labial cuticle. Key Words: amphid, labial papillae, cephalic papillae, ultrastructure, amphidial gland, cilium, dendrite, receptor, microvillus, root-knot nematode.