Control of Globodera spp. Using Brassica juncea Seed Meal and Seed Meal Extract.
AbstractThe eradication program for the potato cyst nematode (PCN), Globodera pallida , in the Northwest of the United States revolves around the use of soil fumigation. Alternative, integrated strategies are needed to continue to battle this invasive nematode. Laboratory, greenhouse, and field experiments were conducted with G. pallida and another cyst nematode found in the United States, Globodera ellingtonae , to evaluate the efficacy of a new formulated Brassica juncea seed meal extract, as well as a traditional B. juncea seed meal, as alternate eradication strategies. This is the first report on the efficacy of B. juncea seed meal extract against plant- parasitic nematodes. Rates of B. juncea seed meal greater than 2.2 t/ha and 4.5 t/ha for G. pallida and G. ellingtonae , respectively, were required for egg hatch suppression, as determined by a potato root diffusate (PRD) bioassay. Reproduction of G. pallida on potato after exposure to B. juncea seed meal at a rate of 2.2 t/ha was also significantly reduced. In the field, 8.9 t/ha B. juncea seed meal almost eliminated egg hatch of G. ellingtonae . Rates needed for Globodera spp. suppression were greatly reduced when using the B. juncea seed meal extract. When compared side-by-side, half as much B. juncea seed meal extract, 1.1 t/ha, was required to suppress G. ellingtonae egg hatch to the same extent as B. juncea seed meal. Exposure of G. pallida to B. juncea seed meal extract at 4.5 t/ha reduced egg hatch by 90% compared with a nonamended control. The ability to reduce the amount of material being applied to soil by using an extract has the potential for integration into a G. pallida eradication program.
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