Frugivorous flies (Diptera: Tephritidae, Lonchaeidae), their host plants and associated parasitoids in the extreme north of Amapá State, Brazil
This work reports species of frugivorous flies (Tephritidae and Lonchaeidae), their host plants and parasitoids in the extreme north of Amapá State, Brazil. Fruits were collected from various plant species between May 2011 and July 2013. A total of 218 fruit samples were collected (3,915 fruits, 115.6 kg), belonging to 33 plant species (12 native and 21 introduced) in 22 families. Infestation by fruit flies was observed in 69 samples, representing 17 plant species in 13 families. A total of 3,480 puparia were obtained, from which emerged specimens of Anastrepha Schiner (6 species), Neosilba McAlpine (4 species), and Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock, as well as Braconidae parasitoids (3 species). This work adds new reports of frugivorous flies in the studied area and establishes new relationships between species of frugivorous flies and host plants in the Brazilian Amazon.
Key Words: Anastrepha; Bactrocera carambolae; Neosilba; Doryctobracon
Este trabalho relata as espécies de moscas frugívoras (Tephritidae e Lonchaeidae), suas plantas hospedeiras e parasitoides no extremo-norte do estado do Amapá, Brasil. Foram realizadas coletas de frutos de diversas espécies vegetais, no período de maio de 2011 a julho de 2013. Foram coletadas 218 amostras de frutos (3.915 frutos, 115,6 kg), pertencentes a 33 espécies vegetais (12 nativas e 21 introduzidas) de 22 famílias. Houve infestação por moscas frugívoras em 69 amostras, representadas por 17 espécies vegetais de 13 famílias. Foram obtidos 3.480 pupários, de onde emergiram espécimes de Anastrepha Schiner (6 espécies; Tephritidae), Neosilba McAlpine (4 espécies; Lonchaeidae), Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Hancock (Tephritidae) e parasitoides Braconidae (3 espécies). Este trabalho acrescenta novos registros de moscas frugívoras para a área estudada e estabelece novas relações entre espécies de moscas frugívoras e hospedeiros para a Amazônia brasileira.
Palavras Chave: Anastrepha; Bactrocera carambolae; Neosilba; Doryctobracon
View this article in BioOne
Copyright for any article published in Florida Entomologist is held by the author(s) of the article. Florida Entomologist follows terms of the Creative Commons, Attribution Non-Commercial License (cc by-nc). By submitting and publishing articles in Florida Entomologist, authors grant the FOJ and Florida Entomologist's host institutions permission to make the article available through Internet posting and electronic dissemination, and to otherwise archive the information contained both electronically and in a hard printed version. When used, information and images obtained from articles must be referenced and cited appropriately. Articles may be reproduced for personal, educational, or archival purposes, or any non-commercial use. Permission should be sought from the author(s) for multiple, non-commercial reproduction. Written permission from the author(s) is required for any commercial reproduction.