First report of Phyllocoptes fructiphilus Keifer (Eriophyidae), the vector of the rose rosette virus, in Florida, USA

  • Austin Fife University of Florida, Department of Entomology and Nematology, North Florida Research and Education Center, Quincy, Florida 32351, USA
  • Samuel Bolton Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Gainesville, Florida 32614, USA
  • Jessica Leigh Griesheimer University of Florida, Department of Entomology and Nematology, North Florida Research and Education Center, Quincy, Florida 32351, USA
  • Mathews Paret University of Florida, Department of Entomology and Nematology, North Florida Research and Education Center, Quincy, Florida 32351, USA
  • Xavier Martini University of Florida, Department of Entomology and Nematology, North Florida Research and Education Center, Quincy, Florida 32351, USA

Abstract

The invasive mite Phyllocoptes fructiphilus Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) feeds on plants in the genus Rosa. Phyllocoptes fructiphilus is associated with the rose rosette emaravirus (rose rosette virus) and acts as the only known vector of rose rosette virus, the causal agent of rose rosette disease (Emaravirus). The mite P. fructiphilus is reported for the first time in the state of Florida, USA. No roses showed signs or symptoms of viral infection, and current molecular methods were unable to detect the virus. Phyllocoptes fructiphilus represents a potential threat to the Florida rose industry if rose rosette disease becomes established.

 

Sumario

El ácaro invasivo Phyllocoptes fructiphilus Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) se alimenta sobre plantas del género Rosa. Phyllocoptes fructiphilus se asocia con rose rosette emaravirus (virus del arrosetamiento de la rosa), es reconocido principalmente como vector de la virus del arrosetamiento de la rosa, el agente causal de la enfermedad del arrosetamiento de la rosa (Emaraviridae). El ácaro P. fructiphilus se reporta por primera vez para el estado de la Florida, USA. Ninguna rosa mostró señales o síntomas de una infección viral, y ningun virus fue detectado con el uso de métodos moleculares de hoy en día. Phyllocoptes fructiphilus representa una amenaza potencial para la industria de la rosa en la Florida si Emaraviridae se llega a establecer.

Key Words: rose rosette disease; rose rosette virus

View this article in BioOne

Published
2020-09-25
Section
Scientific Notes