Varied physiographic and climatic conditions in the Eastern Ghats region of India once supported biodiverse flora, fauna, and habitats. Apart from mangrove forests, the Eastern Ghats has largely deciduous forests, dry and moist, alternately occupying scrub jungles. Because of deforestation and the swidden or shifting cultivation practiced by tribal groups, dense forests are now limited to only a few pockets. As a result, wildlife species are affected by an increasing threat to their survival. For instance, the cheetah is now extinct in the region, and the tiger is being pushed to the edge. Diversity is drastically reduced among plants, animals, and habitats. The author reports on the current status of species richness among faunal groups in the region.
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