POPULATION RESPONSES OF PLANT-PARASITIC NEMATODES IN SELECTED CROP ROTATIONS OVER FIVE SEASONS IN ORGANIC COTTON PRODUCTION

  • E. R. Van Biljon Agricultural Research Council (ARC)-Institute for Industrial Crops (IIC), Private Bag X82075, Rustenburg 0300, South Africa
  • A. H. McDonald Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, Faculty of Natural Sciences, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
  • H. Fourie Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, Faculty of Natural Sciences, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
Keywords: cover crops, Gossypium hirsutum, Meloidogyne incognita, Pratylenchus zeae, rotation

Abstract

Crops with resistance or tolerance to the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita race 4, were evaluated for management of plant-parasitic nematodes in organic cotton production for five consecutive seasons. During the first two summers, Sesamum indicumL. (sesame), Tagetes erectaL. (marigold), Crotalaria junceaL. (sunn hemp), Avena sativaL. (oat), and Gossypium hirsutumL. (cotton) were grown. During the winter, oat followed sesame, marigold, sunn hemp, and one of the cotton regimes, while the summer oat was followed by Crambe abyssinicaHochst. ex R.E. Fries (Abyssinian crambe) during spring. The other cotton regime was left fallow during the winter. During the third summer, cotton was grown in all the rotations. The results showed that
rotations such as sesame/oat, marigold/oat, and sunn hemp/oat can be beneficial in reducing M. incognita race 4 population densities. Pratylenchus zeaepopulation densities increased following sunn hemp in summer. Cotton
is not a good host for this lesion nematode species. Cotton in the sesame/oat rotation gave a higher yield than in the other rotations. Development of effective crop rotation systems becomes difficult when crop choices increase
and fields are infested with multiple plant-parasitic nematode species.

Author Biography

A. H. McDonald, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, Faculty of Natural Sciences, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
deceased
Published
2015-08-17
Section
Articles