Research Notes: Patogenicidad del Nematodo Agallador, Meloidogyne incognita en Vigna unguiculata

  • R. Crozzoli
  • N. Greco
  • Audrey Suarez
  • D. Rivas
Keywords: Meloidogyne incognita, Nematode Reproduction, Pathogenicity, Root-Knot Nematode, Tolerance Limit, Vigna unguiculata, Yield Losses

Abstract

Screenhouse experiments were conducted in 3 L pots to investigate the relationship between a range of population densities (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 32 eggs and second stage juveniles/cm soil) of Meloidogyne incognita race 1 and yield of a resistant cultivar (Ojito Negro) of Vigna unguiculata. Seinhorsts yield-loss model was fitted to yield data, and confirmed that this cowpea cultivar is only slightly affected by M. incognita. Cultivar Ojito Negro tolerates up to 0.74 J2 + egg of M. incognita/cm soil and at the highest population density, seed weight and dry aerial weight, were reduced only 20% and 10%, respectively. Numbers of M. incognita increased in soil infested with initial population densities up to 6J2+eggs/cm soil, and remained at same level at larger initial population densities. Nematode reproduction rates were inversely related to the initial population densities. Data for initial and final nematode densities were well fit by Seinhorsts model of population growt
Published
1999-06-01
Section
Articles