Notes on the taxonomy and distribution of Xylocopa coronata Smith, 1860, a large carpenter bee from Maluku, Indonesia (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apidae)


  • Jonathan R. Mawdsley


Geographic color variation, subspecies


The recently rediscovered female holotype of Xylocopa coronata Smith, 1860, (Hymenoptera: Apidae) collected by Alfred Russel Wallace at the type locality of “Kaisaa” (= modern-day Kaioa, Maluku, Indonesia) is illustrated for the first time. Dorsal and lateral images of males and females of X. coronata and a map showing the known distribution of the species are provided. Females of this species exhibit geographic color variation in dorsal pubescence patterns and wing iridescence. At the present time, two subspecies are recognized: X. coronata combinata Ritsema from the island of Obi, Maluku, Indonesia, and X. coronata coronata Smith from additional islands (Bacan, Halmahera, Kaioa, Obi, Ternate, and Tidore) in the Maluku archipelago, Indonesia.