Tolerance to Hololaimus columbus in Glyphosate-Resistant, Transgenic Soybean Cultivars

  • S. R. Koenning
Keywords: columbia lance nematode, crop loss, fumigant nematicide, glycine max, glyphosate, herbicide-resistant crops, hoplolaimus columbus, host-plant tolerance, nematode, soybean


Transgenic soybean cultivars, resistant to glyphosate herbicide in maturity groups V and VI, were evaluated for tolerance to the Columbia lance nematode, Hoplolaimus columbus, in field experiments conducted in 1998 and 1999. Treatment with 43 liter/ha of 1,3-dichloropropene was effective in suppressing H. columbus population densities in a split-plot design. Fumigation increased soybean yield, but a significant cultivar × fumigation interaction indicated variation in cultivar response to H. columbus. A tolerance index (yield of nontreated ÷ yield of treated × 100) was used to compare cultivar differences. Two cultivars in maturity group VI and one cultivar in maturity group V had a tolerance index greater than 90, indicating a high level of tolerance.