Broadleaf Tobacco Yield Loss in Relation to Initial Globodera tabacum tabacum Population Density
AbstractField microplot experiments were conducted from 1995 to 1998 to determine the relationship between fresh shoot weight of stalk-cut broadleaf and shade-grown cigar wrapper tobacco types (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and initial density of Globodera tabacum tabacum second stage juveniles (J2) per cm³ soil. Total shoot weight was negatively correlated with initial nematode densities of 12.3 to 747.3 J2/cm³ soil (r = -0.53 and -0.70 for broadleaf and shade-grown tobacco, respectively). Nonlinear damage functions were used to relate initial G. t. tabacum densities to shoot weight. The models described shoot weight losses of less than 14% or 39% for broadleaf and shade tobacco, respectively, at G. t. tabacum densities below 50 J2/cm³ soil. Total shoot weights were reduced by 40% and 60% of uninfested plots as preplant nematode densities approached maximum levels ( 600 J2/cm³ soil) for broadleaf and shade tobacco, respectively. Globodera t. tabacum population increase over a growing season was described by a linear relation on a log/log plot (R² = 0.07 and 0.61 for broadleaf and shade, respectively). These experiments demonstrate that G. t. tabacum can directly reduce shoot weight of stalk-cut broadleaf tobacco. Broadleaf is more tolerant to nematode infection than shade tobacco, as shade tobacco shoot weight reductions were greater at the same initial nematode densities in the same years.
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