Effect of Temperature on Expression of Resistance to Meloidogyne spp. In Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)
AbstractThe effect of soil temperature on the expression of resistance in several common bean lines carrying resistance to root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) was studied under controlled temperatures in temperature tank and growth chamber conditions. Resistance to M. javanica and M. incognita race 1 in bean lines A315, A328, A445, G1805, and G2618 was stable at 24-30 C. However, there was a significant increase in reproduction of M. javanica on A315, A328, and A445 when temperature was increased from 26 to 30 C. This increase did not reflect a change from a resistant to a susceptible reaction or classification. Resistance in A315 is derived from G1805, whereas resistance in A328 and A445 is derived from G2618. Alabama No. 1, PI 165426, and PI 165435, with resistance to M. incognita race 2, were heat stressed at temperatures above 27 C. Resistance to M. incognita race 2 in Alabama No. 1 and PI 165435 was lost at 30 C, but PI 165426 supported low reproduction of M. incognita race 2 at all temperatures. Poor root development at 30 C may have been responsible, in part, for the poor development of M. incognita race 2 on PI 165426. Key words: common bean, heat stability, Meloidogyne spp., Phaseolus vulgaris, resistance, root-knot nematode.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).