Histological Observations of Rotylenchulus reniformis on Gossypium longicalyx and Interspecific Cotton Hybrids
AbstractObservations on the development of reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis) on roots of Gossypium longicalyx, G. hirsutum, and two interspecific hybrids derived from them were made by light microscopy. Gossypium longicalyx is reported to be immune to reniform nematode, but the mechanism(s) for resistance are unknown. Penetration of G. longicalyx roots by female nematodes was confirmed, and incipient swelling of the females, indicating initiation of maturation of the reproductive system, was observed. Female maturation occurred up to the formation of a single embryo inside the female body but not beyond this point. In both hybrids, development was inhibited but progressed further than in the immune parent. Reactions ranged from highly compatible, with the formation of active syncytia and full development of females, to incompatible with little or no development of the female. Compatible plants showed characteristic hypertrophied cells, enlarged nuclei, dense cytoplasm, and partial dissolution of cell walls, whereas incompatible plant reactions included lignification of the cells adjacent to the nematode head, or the complete collapse and necrosis of the cells involved. The need to characterize reactions and to carefully select among the plants descended from the hybrids during the introgression process, as well as the importance of combining the results of reproduction tests with histological observation of the plant-nematode interactions, is discussed.
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