Extraction of Root-associated Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis
AbstractA technique based on physical maceration of root tissue was developed to extract vermiform and swollen stages of Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis. Experiments conducted on soybean and tomato evaluated the efficiency of method (stir, grind), NaOC1 concentration (0%, 0.5%), and duration (lx, 2x) on extraction of nematodes and eggs from 60-day-old populations. Root-associated populations of R. reniformis were considerably lower than those of M. incognita, so development of the method focused on the latter. Grinding liberated more nematodes than stirring, but the reverse was true for egg extraction. Among grinding treatments, a duration of 10 seconds in 0.5% NaOC1 provided the most efficient extraction of nematodes and eggs. Among stirring treatments, a duration of 10 minutes in 0.5% NaOCl provided the most efficient extraction of eggs. These techniques were compared on soybean roots 30 days older than those on which the procedures were first evaluated, with consistent results. Key words: extraction, grinding, maceration, Meloidogyne incognita, method, nematode, reniform nematode, root-knot nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis.
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