The Role of Microbes Associated with Chicken Litter in the Suppression of Meloidogyne arenaria
AbstractThe role of microbes associated with chicken litter in the suppression of Meloidogyne arenaria in amended soil was investigated. Amended soil treatments were prepared, including combinations of sterile and nonsterile chicken litter and soil. Microbial biomass in different treatments was compared by measuring carbon dioxide evolution. There was less CO[sub2] evolved in sterile litter than in nonsterile litter treatments. Tomato seedlings cv. Rutgers were transplanted into soil mixtures and inoculated with 2,000 M. arenaria eggs. After 10 days, fewer second-stage juveniles (J2) had penetrated the roots in soils amended with nonsterile litter than sterile litter. The effects of sterile and nonsterile litter-amended soil solutions on M. arenaria eggs and J2 were observed over a period of 6 days. A lower percentage of eggs remained apparently healthy in nonsterile than in sterile-amended soil solutions over 6 days. Microbial degradation of the egg shells was apparent. Fewer J2 survived in sterile- and nonsterile-amended-soil solutions as compared to water controls. Key words: biological control, chicken litter, chitinase, Lycopersicon esculentum, Meloidogyne arenaria, microbe, nematode, organic amendment, tomato.
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