Taxonomy of Discocriconemella (Nematoda: Criconematoidea) with a Redescription of D. mauritiensis


  • Nicola Vovlas


The form of the cephalic disc and its taxonomic significance at the species level in the genus Discocriconemella De Grisse & Loof, 1965 is discussed. By light (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), four groups of disc configurations in females and juveniles are distinguishable. The disc is either round with an uninterrupted margin (group 1), has a deep dorsal and ventral indentation (group 2), is indented medially and laterally giving a four-lobed appearance (group 3), or is round with paired dorsal and ventral projections (group 4). There is no apparent correlation between groups of cephalic discs and other characters such as tail shape or number of body annules. Discocriconemella mauritiensis (Williams, 1960) De Grisse & Loof, 1965 is redescribed from a sugar cane population collected in Mauritius, and the diagnosis of the genus is emended. Key words: Criconematoidea, Discocriconemella mauritiensis, Mauritius, morphology, Nematoda, ring nematode, scanning electron microscopy, taxonomy.