Reproductive and Damage Potential of Ditylenchus destructor on Peanut

  • Cheryl Venter
  • D. De Waele
  • A. J. Meyer

Abstract

The reproductive and damage potential of Ditylenchus destructor on peanut, Arachis hypogaea cv. Sellie, was determined in greenhouse tests. Final nematode population densities (Pf) in roots, hulls, and seeds increased (P = 0.01) as a function of increasing initial population (Pi). Final population densities were higher in hulls than in seeds and roots. Final densities in hulls and seeds were positively (P = 0.01) correlated. Fresh root and hull weight and number of pods and seeds per plant were not affected by D. destructor. Second generation germination and pod and seed disease severity increased (P = 0.01), whereas fresh seed weight decreased (P = 0.01) as a function of increasing Pi, and Pf in seeds and Pf in hulls. At Pi 250 and higher, 10-25% of seeds germinated into second generation seedlings before harvest. At Pi 250 and higher, fresh weight of harvested seed was suppressed 20-50%. At Pi 50 or Pf greater than 20 per seed, pod disease severity was 3-7 (on a scale of 1 to 10) and 15-80% of seeds were blemished or unsound. Key words: Arachis hypogaea, Ditylenchus destructor, pathogenicity, peanut, population dynamics, yield loss.
Published
1991-01-15
Section
Articles