Host Status of Citrus and Citrus Relatives to Tylenchulus graminis
AbstractStudies were conducted on the host suitability of four citrus rootstocks--rough lemon (Citrus limon), sour orange (C. aurantium), trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata cv. Argentina), and Swingle citrumelo (C. paradisi x P. trifoliata)--to Tylenchulus graminis which was previously considered a "grass" race of T. semipenetrans. In an uncultivated field, sour orange seedlings grown with T. graminis-infected broomsedge (Andropogon virginicus) were not infected with this nematode after 18-month's exposure to T. graminis population densities ranging from 0.01 to 0.4 second-stage juveniles (J2)/cm³ soil. In a greenhouse test, two T. graminis populations from two Florida locations did not infect sour orange seedlings grown for 2 years in soil naturally infested with 0.3 and 1.3 J2/cm³. Rough lemon, trifoliate orange, and Swingle citrumelo seedlings suppressed T. graminis initial population densities of 7 to final values of 0.1 J2/cm³ soil. Final values of 70.0 J2/cm³ occurred in soil with broomsedge. These findings provide conclusive evidence that T. graminis is a specific parasite of grasses and does not infect citrus. Key words: Andropogon virginieus, broomsedge, Citrus aurantium, Citrus limon, citrus nematode, Citrus paradisi x Poncirus trifoliata, host preference, Poncirus trifoliata, rough lemon, sour orange, survival, Swingle citrumelo, trifoliate orange, Tylenchulus graminis, Tylenchulus semipenetrans.
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