Influence of Calonectria crotalariae on Reproduction of Heterodera glycines on Soybean

  • C. Overstreet
  • E. C. McGawley


Calonectria crotalariae enhanced root penetration of Lee 74 (susceptible) and Centennial (resistant) soybeans by juveniles of race 3 of Heterodera glycines. Numbers of cysts in and on the roots of Lee 74 increased during the first 30 days in the presence of the fungus. Percentage of root infection by the fungus increased at 40 days in Lee 74 in the presence of the nematode. Numbers of cysts in soil at 80 and 120 days after inoculation with both organisms accounted for the significantly increased nematode population levels on Lee 74. In the presence of the fungus on the resistant cultivar, significantly increased levels of cysts were recovered from soil at 120 days. Fungus infection of Centennial roots also infected with the nematode increased from 58 to 86% at 120 days. An inoculum timing study in which Lee 74 was infested with the nematode and fungus individually, sequentially, and in combination at days 0 and 35 indicated that enhanced nematode reproduction was related more to early plant-fungus than to early plant-fungus-nematode interaction(s). Key words: Calonectria crotalariae, Glycine max, Heterodera glycines, nematode-fungus interaction, red crown rot disease, soybean, soybean cyst nematode.