Relationship between Root Growth of Potato, Root Diffusate Production, and Hatching of Globodera rostochiensis
AbstractHatching response of Globodera rostochiensis in potato root diffusate (PRD) collected by soaking individual potato, Solanum tuberosum, root systems in water for 2 hours was used to assess the relationship between root growth and PRD production. Resistant potato cultivars Hudson and Rosa were used as test plants. Maximum hatch occurred in PRD collected 3 weeks after plant emergence (AE) in the greenhouse, and declined after this time. Hatch was positively correlated with increased root weight only during the first 3 weeks AE. Hudson PRD was consistently more active than Rosa PRD in stimulating hatch, except when adjusted for root weight. Although the results indicated that cells at the root tip produced a more active PRD than cells located elsewhere, PRD appeared to be produced along the entire root. Differences in time length of the vegetative growth phase, extent of root growth, and volume of roots, rather than the production of a more active PRD per se, may explain why Hudson is more effective than Rosa in reducing G. rostochiensis population densities in soil. Key words: hatch, Globodera rostochiensis, golden nematode, potato root growth, root diffusate, Solanum tuberosum, potato.
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