Differential Reaction of Alfalfa Cultivars to Meloidogyne hapla and M. chitwoodi Populations
AbstractMeloidogyne hapla reproduced and suppressed growth (P 0.05) of susceptible Lahontan and Moapa alfalfa at 15, 20, and 25 C. At 30 C, resistant Nevada Syn XX lost resistance to M. hapla. M. hapla invaded and reproduced on Rhizobium meliloti nodules of Lahontan and Moapa, inducing giant cell formation and structural disorder of vascular bundles of nodules without disrupting bacteroids. At 15, 20, and 25 C a M. chitwoodi population from Utah reproduced on Lahontan, Moapa, and Nevada Syn XX alfalfa, suppressing growth (P 0.05). Final densities of the Utah M. chitwoodi population were greater (P 0.05) than those of Idaho and Washington State populations on Lahontan at 15 and 25 C and on Nevada Syn XX at 15 C, but were less consistent and smaller (P 0.05) than those of M. hapla on Lahontan and Moapa at 20 and 25 C. Inconsistent reproduction of the Utah M. chitwoodi population on alfalfa suggests the possible existence of nematode strains revealed by variability in alfalfa resistance. No reproduction or inconsistent final nematode population densities with no damage were observed on Lahontan, Moapa, and Nevada Syn XX plants grown in soil infested with Idaho and Washington State M. chitwoodi populations. Key words: Columbia root-knot nematode, northern root-knot nematode, Medicago sativa, Lahontan, Moapa, Nevada Syn XX, Rhizobium meliloti, histopathology, pathogenicity, reproduction, resistance, temperature.
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