Effects of Temperature, Plant Age, Soil Texture, and Meloidogyne incognita on Early Growth of Soybean
AbstractA digitizer-microcomputer combination was utilized to determine soybean seedling response to population densities of M. incognita (Mi) under varied environmental conditions. Plant age, temperature, soil texture, and initial Mi inoculum (Pi) influenced the pattern of shoot and root growth. Effects of Mi on plant top growth were evident on plants inoculated 2 days after seeding, but generally were not noticeable on those receiving Mi after 4, 6, or 8 days (observations limited to 6 days after inoculation). The greatest Pi of Mi (16,700 juveniles/plant) suppressed root growth on plants inoculated at 2 or 4 days after seeding. Mi had no impact on root growth at 22 C on plants inoculated 6 or 8 days after seeding at any temperature used (22, 26, 30 C). New root initiation was inhibited on soybeans inoculated 2 days after seeding at the highest Pi at all three temperatures, but only at 30 C for a Pi of 1,670 juveniles/plant. Growth of first order lateral roots and general root length were suppressed by Mi on the youngest (2-day) plants. However, a low Pi (167 juveniles/ plant) resulted in root proliferation on 4-day-old plants at 26 C. Mi was most damaging in a low clay-content soil mixture. Key words: Glycine max, digitizer, host sensitivity, root-knot nematode, soybean, Meloidogyne incognita, modeling, penetration, root growth.
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