Susceptibility of Psorophora columbiae Larvae over Time to Parasitism by Romanomermis culicivorax
AbstractThe ability of Romanomermis culicivorax preparasites to penetrate and infect Psorophora columbiae decreased substantially after ca. 28 hours. Parasitism at temperatures typical of Louisiana rice fields (i.e., 26, 29, and 32 ± 0.5 C) showed a significant linear decrease (P 0.01) as the percentage of older larval instars increased at the times of exposure. These data emphasize the need for a synchronous field application of preparasites to challenge the rapid development of early instars of Ps. columbiae. Applications of postparasites rather than insecticide treatments to potential mosquito breeding habitats may offer greater flexibility in larval mosquito control programs. Key words: dark rice field mosquito, mosquito, nematode, parasitism, Psorophora columbiae, Romanomermis culicivorax, temperature.
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