Effect of Soil Temperature on Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. hapla Alone and in Combination on Potato and M. chitwoodi on Rotation Plants

  • J. H. O'Bannon
  • G. S. Santo


Meloidogyne chitwoodi developed and reproduced more rapidly than M. hapla in potato roots at 15, 20, or 25 C when both species of nematodes were inoculated simultaneously at 250 or 1,000 juveniles of each. At 30 C significantly more M. hapla than M. chitwoodi females were found at the lower inoculum level after 41 days. More M. chitwoodi than M. hapla juveniles were extracted from soil at 15, 20, and 25 C, but only at the lower inoculum level at 30 C. Potato was considered a more suitable host for M. chitwoodi than M. hapla because of M. chitwoodi's greater reproduction at 15, 20, and 25 C. Corn and wheat cultivars tested supported M. chitwoodi reproduction at temperatures of 10, 15, 20, and 25 C, but fewest eggs were produced on these plants at 20 C. Temperatures of 10 to 25 C had little influence on the low reproduction of M. chitwoodi on four alfalfa cultivars. M. chitwoodi reproduced on the alfalfa entry Mn PL9HF. Key words: Columbia root-knot nematode, northern root-knot nematode, alfalfa, wheat, corn.