Anhydrobiosis in Five Species of Plant Associated Nematodes
AbstractFive species of nematodes - Hemicriconemoides pseudobrachyurum, Hemicycliophora conida, Macroposthonia ornata, Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi, and Psilenchus hilarulus -were desiccated to study their capacity to survive anhydrobiotically. Results indicate that the ability of the sheath to shrink quickly and its relatively loose attachment with the nematode body allow H. conida to survive longer than H. pseudobrachyurum; the survival of M. ornata was intermediate, A. ritzemabosi and P. hilarulus survived immersion in paraffin oil for 12 and 17 days, respectively. Both of these nematodes possess multiple contraction ability; i.e., coiling coupled with transverse and longitudinal folding of the cuticle. P. hilarulus is a new addition to the list of anhydrobiotic nematodes. Key words: Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi, Hemicriconemoides pseudobrachyurum, Hemicycliophora conida, Macroposthonia ornata, Psilenchus hilarulus, cuticle, paraffin oil.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).