Influence of Volcanic Ash on Infectivity and Reproduction of Two Species of Meloidogyne


  • J. H. O'Bannon
  • G. S. Santo


Mount St. Helens volcanic ash was incorporated into a loamy sand greenhouse soil mix to produce concentrations of 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, 8.0, 25, 50 and 100% ash. Chemical and physical properties of the various mixtures were determined. Three experiments were conducted in a greenhouse to determine if volcanic ash had any influence on root-knot nematode survival and infectivity. Tomato, Lycoperscion esculentum, seedlings cv. Columbia, susceptible to Meloidogyne hapla and M. chitwoodi were planted into pots of the soil-ash concentrations and infested with one of the two nematode species. Tomato seedlings were harvested 30, 50 and 60 days later and the roots examined for nematode infection and reproduction. Ash incorporation had no deliterious effect on root-knot nematodes in any of the experiments reported here. Nematode infection and reproduction on tomato were not affected at any ash concentration.