Meloidogyne incognita wartellei n. subsp. (Meloidogynidae), a Root-knot Nematode on Resistant Soybeans in Louisiana


  • A. Morgan Golden
  • Wray Birchfield


Meloidogyne incognita n.artellei n. subsp, is described and illustrated from roots of soybean (Glycine max L.) near Washington, Louisiana. It is rather limited in distribution in that state, being known at five locations comprising about 60,000 acres. It not only attacks commonly susceptihle soybeans but is a destructive pest on other commercial soybean varieties that are resistant to other forms of the M. incognita group in the area. This new subspecies is related most closely to M. i. incognita and M. i. acrita, but differs especially in the females having a delicate stylet with small, rounded knobs sloping posteriorly; dorsal esophageal gland orific further back (5 [mu]m) from base of stylet; and excretory pore often two to three stylet lengths (sometimes more) from the anterior end. Also, males are often without detectable head annules and with an average stylet length of 22.4 [mu]m. Comments and morphometric data are given on M. i. incognita and M. i. acrita. Key Words: taxonomy, morphology, resistance-breaking, Glycine max.