Ingestion, Retention, and Transmission of two Strains of Raspberry Ring-spot Virus by Longidorus macrosoma

  • D. L. Trudgill
  • D. J. F. Brown


The transmission of two strains of raspberry ringspot virus (RRV) by small numbers of nematodes was compared. A strain of RRV from Scotland (RRV-S), originally found in the field associated with Longidorus elongatus, was transmitted frequently by L. elongatus but only once by L. macrosoma. A strain from England (RRV-E) associated with L. macrosoma in the field was transmitted infrequently by each species of nematode. The reasons why L. macrosoma infected only a small proportion of bait plants with virus were investigated, and it was found that most of the nematodes tested had fed on the source plants and many had ingested virus. Most nematodes exposed to RRV-E or RRV-S had fed on the roots of the bait plants and, when thin sections were examined by electron microscope, had retained particles (thought to be those of the virus) in the region of the anterior odontostyle, Thus, most nematodes seem to have had ample opportunity to transmit virus, and the low frequency of transmission may have been due to a failure of the virus particles to be released from the site of retention or to a lack of infectivity of the virus when L. macrosoma was the vector and Petunia hybrida was the host. Key Words: Longidorus elongatus, gall formation, Stellaria media, Petunia hybrida, retention of virus.