Salts and the Infectivity of Romanomermis culicivorax
AbstractThe effects of common inorganic ions found in freshwater on the infectivity of Romanomermis culicivorax and the survival of its host, Culex pipiens, were tested. In general, the median lethal concentrations found for R. culicivorax were greater than the reported median concentrations of these ions in freshwater but less than the reported maximum natural concentrations. The ion toxicity for R. culicivorax (on a molar basis) increased in the following order: sodium potassium calcium; aml chloride carbonate = sulfate nitrate nitrite phosphate. The larvae of C. pipiens were generally 20 to 75 times as tolerant of higher ion concentrations as were the preparasitic stages of R. culicivorax. Key Words: Median lethal concentration, ion toxicity, mermithid nematodes, mosquitoes, Culex pipiens.
Copyright and Permissions
All material published by the Society of Nematologists (SON), except for papers prepared by United States and Canadian government employees, is copyrighted and protected under the U.S. copyright law. Under the Copyright Act of 1976, the term of copyright for materials registered by an organization is 75 years from the date first published. Before publishing any manuscript, SON requires that authors transfer full and complete ownership of any copyright to SON by signing a JON Page Charge/Copyright Form (.pdf). SON then registers the copyright. Subsequent use of published materials requires written permission from the SON and may be obtained by contacting the current Editor-in-Chief and state where and how the material will be used.
The author warrants that the article is an original work not published elsewhere in whole or in part, except in abstract form, and that the author has full power to make this grant. If portions of the article have been published previously, then the author warrants that permission has been obtained from the copyright holder and the author will submit a copy of the permission release with this copyright transfer form.
SON shall claim no proprietary right other than copyright. Authors and coauthors retain the right to revise, adapt, modify, or otherwise use all or part of the article in future works of the author(s), such as press releases, lectures, and reviews, provided that all such use is for the personal noncommercial benefit of the author(s). All patent rights are retained by the author(s).