Marigold, Castor Bean, and Chrysanthemum as Controls of Meloidogyne incognita and Pratylenchus alleni

  • R. W. Hackney
  • O. J. Dickerson

Abstract

Root and soil populations of Meloidogyne incognita were significantly fewer from marigold, castor bean, and chrysanthemum than from tomato roots and soil, but not from fallow soil. Root populations of Pratvlenchus alleni were significantly fewer from marigold, castor bean, and chrysanthemum than from tomato: marigold had the fewest. Root populations of M. incognita and P. alleni from tomato simultaneously cultivated with marigold, castor bean, and chrysanthemum were significantly fewer than from tomato cultivated alone. Aborted giant cells and dead M. incognita (larvae and females) were observed in roots of marigold and castor bean, but not in chrysanthemum or tomato. Significantly more males than females occurred in castor bean roots. lnfcction sites of P. alleni appeared normal in all hosts. Thin-layer and column chromatography of alcoholic extracts from castor bean revealed no nematicidal thiophenc derivatives, Key Words: resistance, thiophenc derivatives.
Published
1975-01-15
Section
Articles