Effect of Meloidogyne incognita on Reproduction of Pratylenchus penetrans in Red Clover and Alfalfa

  • R. A. Chapman
  • D. R. Turner

Abstract

Roots of seedlings of red clover and alfalfa growing on 10[sup-]¹ Hoagland and Arnon solution agar were inoculated with various combinations of Meloidogyne incognita and Pratylenchus penetrans. Egg-laying by P. penetrans decreased as the number of nematodes, the ratio of entrant M. incognita to entrant P.penetrans, and the priority of invasion of roots by M. ineognita increased. Embryogeny and hatching of eggs of P. penetrans, and development of larvae of M. incognita, were not affected. In red clover, the greatest red uction occurred when there were 65 entrant nematodes, the ratio of M. incognita:P, penetrans was 4:1 and M. incognita was inoculated four days prior to P. penetrans. In alfalfa, the less-favorable host for both nematodes, the greatest reduction occurred when there were 45 entrant nematodes, the ratio of M. incognita:P, penetrans was 2:1, and M. incognita was inoculated 4 days prior to P. penetrans. Key Words: Trifolium pratense, Medicago sativa, concomitant nematodes.
Published
1975-01-15
Section
Articles