Soil pH Effects on Nematode Populations Associated with Soybeans

  • N. C. Burns


'Amsoy' soybeans were grown for 2 months in nonsterilized Jackson silt loam amended to pH 4.0, 6.0, and 8.0. Nematodes were extracted biweekly from soil and roots. The greatest numbers of Pratylenchus alleni colonized soybean roots at pH 6.0. Hoplolaimus galeatus and members of the Tylenchinae-Psilenchinae survived best at pH 6.0, while numbers o f the Dorylaimoidea were greatest at both pH 6.0 and 8.0. The non-stylet nematodes were recovered in greater numbers from pH 8.0 soil. Potassium, manganese, and phenols were highest in soybean plants grown in pH 4.0 soil, the pH at which there were the fewest nematodes. A thicker suberized outer layer o f root tissue occurred in plants grown at pH 4.0. Key Words: Pratylenchus alleni, pH, Soybeans.