The Provenance of Beaches on the Estonian Islands of Hiiumaa, Saaremaa and Muhu

  • Kaarel Orviku
  • Eric Bird
  • Maurice Schwartz
Keywords: Baltic Sea, emerging coasts, glacial and glacifluvial drift, erosion, progradation


Sand and gravel beaches on the emerging Estonian islands occur at and down-drift of sectors where glacial and glacifluvial drift deposits intersect the coastline and extend out across the sea floor. Similar relationships existed along the coastlines of the early Holocene Ancylus Lake and the Litorina and Limnea . Sea stages, which now stand at various higher levels around the tilting islands.