Responses to Coastal Threats: Toward an Integrated Strategy

  • David W. Fischer
Keywords: Coastal development, coastal resource management, coastal threats, conservation, management strategy, promotive strategy


Coastal resource management strategies can fail. They fail sometimes from lack of integrating threats into existing coastal management strategies. This paper outlines a set of strategies coastal developers may take when confronted by coastal threats. Since a threat and its coastal impact area constitute a connected system, the promotive strategy sees the threat-impact area as interdependent. Such a strategy can turn threat impacts into an expansion of developer concern by promoting coastal threats as a new pathway to greater coastal conservation and management opportunities.

Author Biography

David W. Fischer