Beyond Place: Diasporan creative placemaking
Keywords:diaspora creative placemaking, community arts, Somali women’s identity, narrative participatory photography
This paper explores the case of the Somali diaspora and an artmaking initiative with young Somali women to offer an example of how art educators can engage with creative placemaking with community members belonging to a refugee diaspora. By considering placement rather than displaced aspects of diaspora and attending to the interplay of difference and identity negotiation, this paper offers strategies for crafting spaces for aesthetic engagement including exhibiting difference, artmaking as interruption, and resistance to the present.
Abu Bakr, S. (2014). A hijab proper: The veil through feminist narrative inquiry. Visual Culture and Gender, 9, 7-17.
Adichie, C. (2009 July). The danger of a single story. TEDGlobal. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/chimamanda_adichie_the_danger_of_a_single_story?language=en
Akou, H. M. (2004). Nationalism without a nation: Understanding the dress of Somali women in Minneapolis. In J. M. Allman (Ed.) Fashioning Africa: Power and the politics of dress. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Anderson, T. (2010). An introduction to art education for social justice. In T. Anderson, D. Gussak, K. K. Hallmark, & A. Paul, Art education for social justice, 2-13. Reston, VA: NAEA.
Bhabha, H. (2008/1994). The location of culture. Oxford: Routledge.
Community Relations Partners (CRP). (2005). Franklin County immigrants and refugees. Retrieved from http://www.communityresearchpartners.org
Community Relations Partners (CRP). (2009). Counting the Franklin County Somali population. Retrieved from http://www.communityresearchpartners.org
DachenBach, L. (2015, March 3). Journeys of the diaspora. 614 Magazine. Retrieved from http://614columbus.com/2015/03/journeys-of-the-diaspora/
Deleuze, G. & Guattari, F. (1987). A thousand plateaus: Capitalism and schizophrenia. (B. Massumi, trans.). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Dokter, D. (1998). Arts therapists, refugees, and migrants: Reaching across borders. London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Griffiths, D. J. (2002). Somali and Kurdish refugees in London: New identities in the diaspora. England: Ashgate Publishing.
Hall, S. (1996). Who needs identity? In S. Hall & P. Du Gay (Eds.), Questions of cultural identity, pp. 1-17. London and New York, NY: Routledge.
Hall, S. (2000). Cultural identity and diaspora. In N. Mirzoeff (Ed.), Diaspora and visual culture: Representing Africans and Jews, pp. 21-33. London and New York, NY: Routledge.
Johnson, N. (2012). Global Journeys: From transnationalism to diaspora. Journal of International and Global Studies, 42-58.
Langellier, K. M. (2010). Performing Somali identity in the diaspora: ‘Wherever I go I know who I am.’ Cultural Studies, 24(1), 66-94.
O’Sullivan, S. (2006). Art encounters Deleuze and Guattari: Thought beyond representation. New York NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Milligan, M. J. (2003). Displacement and identity discontinuity: The role of nostalgia in establishing new identity categories. Symbolic Interaction, 26(3), 381-403.
Moore, L. & Joseph, L. (2011). The Ohio State University K-12 teacher Somali workshop project. Bildhaan, 11, 135-149.
Nancy, J. (1991). The inoperative community. (P. Connor, L. Garbus, M. Hoolland, & S. Sawhney, Trans.). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. (Original work published 1986).
Nancy, J. (2000). Being singular plural. (R. D. Richardson & A. E. O’Byrne, Trans.) Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. (Original work published 1996).
Nancy, J. (2007). The creation of the world, or globalization. (F. Raffoul & D. Pettigre, Trans.) Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Rios, M. & Watkins, J. (2015). Beyond “Place”: Translocal Placemaking of the Hmong Diaspora. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 35(2), 209-219.
Roble, A. & Rutledge, D. (2008). The Somali diaspora: A journey away. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Rogoff, I. (2000) terra infirma: geography’s visual culture. London and New York, NY: Routledge.
Smith, R. (2014a). Young Somali women’s individual and collective understanding of cultural and religious identity through narrative participatory photography. Bildhaan, 14, 25-49.
Smith, R. (2014b). Young Somali women and narrative participatory photography: Interrupting fixed identities through Dumarka Soomaaliyeed Voices Unveiled. (Doctoral dissertation). Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University. Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/.
Smith, R. (2015). Dumarka Soomaaliyeed Voices Unveiled: Undoing the hijab narrative through a participatory photography exhibition. Journal for Cultural Research in Art Education, 32, 190-206.
Tubbs, M. (2015) Radical Finitude – Difference as Strategy. In A. Calcagno, J. Vernon, & S. G. Lofts (Eds.) Intensities and lines of flight: Deleuze/Guattari and the arts. London, UK: Rowman and Littlefield International, pp. 127-140.
Warah, R, Dirios, M, and Osman, I. (2012). Mogadishu then and now: A pictorial tribute to Africa's most wounded city. AuthorHouse.
Waters, A. M. (2012). Racial formation and anti-Somali ideologies in central Ohio. Bildhaan, 12, 53-87.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).