Vol 117 (2004): Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society

The history of sulfur use on Florida citrus and its effect on scale populations and environment

Published December 1, 2004
  • cornuaspis beckii,
  • chrysomphalus aonidum,
  • lepidosaphes gloverii,
  • purple scale,
  • florida red scale,
  • rust mite
  • ...More


The long history of heavy sulfur use to control mites on Florida citrus had detrimental effects both on the environment and by increasing scale populations. The transition to other mite control materials and the use of IPM greatly reduced the importance of scale insects in Florida citrus production. This subject is discussed as experienced by the author during his 50 plus years in the Florida Citrus industry.